US – Burma Relations
UK – Burma Relations
The EU Common Position
Burma and International Organisations
The military coup, brought about in 1962 by General Ne Win, virtually sealed Burma off from the outside world. For the duration of the Cold War, the foreign policy of the ruling military juntas (currently known as the State Peace and Development Council or SPDC) was based on an insularity bordering on xenophobia. For their part, the international community, and in particular the superpowers, regarded Burma as a backwater. Even in South Asia, Burma’s role in international affairs paled to insignificance next to ‘non-aligned’ India, and the Asian brand of Marxism-Leninism expounded by Mao to the North and Ho Chi Minh to the East.