Tourism is the fastest growing industry in the world, but it is also one of the most destructive. Contextualised to Burma where possible, the below bullet points give an overview of the problems tourism is often responsible for.
Conflicts over resources: According to the United Nations, the average tourist uses as much water in 24 hours as a third-world villager would use to produce rice for 100 days. This water is used for drinking, baths and showers, in some cases swimming pools and golf courses, fountains and landscaping. In the context of Burma, this is a major developmental issue. According to the UNDP, most areas of Burma lack access to a year-round supply of clean drinking water and domestic water, due to distance, the dry season or pollution. Water quality is generally not tested or assured, which leads to widespread water-borne diseases. In addition, sanitation awareness is generally low, and hygienic latrines are not common.
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